Joseph ben Tanhum Yerushalmi
- (b. 1262)Egyptian Hebrew poet. At the age of 15 he composed a collection of poems in imitation of Moses ibn Ezra. On his father's death in 1291 he composed a lamen-tation in which he mentions the conquest of Acre by the crusaders. He was the most representative Hebrew poet of Egypt in the 13th century.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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JOSEPH BEN TANḤUM YERUSHALMI — (b. 1262), Hebrew poet, son of the grammarian exegete Tanḥum b. Joseph Yerushalmi of Cairo. It seems that he spent most of his life in Egypt, though he traveled to Jerusalem, Hebron, and other cities of Palestine. At the age of 15 Joseph composed … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TANḤUM BEN JOSEPH (Ha-)YERUSHALMI — (c. 1220–1291), philologist and biblical exegete. Few biographical details are known of him. As his name indicates, either he or his family originated from Jerusalem, and according to Bacher, he lived for some time in Ereẓ Israel and subsequently … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DAVID BEN ABRAHAM MAIMUNI — (1222–1300), nagid of Egyptian Jewry and grandson of maimonides . David was only 15 years old when his father abraham b. moses b. maimon died (1237) and in spite of his youth, he was appointed nagid a few months later. A few years afterward… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (c. 1400), Oriental biblical exegete, possibly from Yemen. His commentary on the Bible is written in Arabic, but contains some Hebrew excerpts. He makes use of very early midrashic sources, some otherwise unknown, quotes Simeon b. Yoḥai in the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LINGUISTIC LITERATURE, HEBREW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction foreword the beginning of linguistic literature linguistic literature and its background the development of linguistic literature Foreword: A Well Defined Unit the four… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JUDEO-ARABIC LITERATURE — JUDEO ARABIC LITERATURE, written in Arabic by Jews for Jews. It is written in an idiom which is linguistically closer to the spoken form of Arabic than is the idiom used in Muslim literature. It may plausibly be assumed that, prior to the rise of … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALPHABET, HEBREW — The origin of alphabetic script has always been a subject of human curiosity. According to Greek mythology, script was brought to Greece from Phoenicia. This tradition was accepted by the Greek and Roman writers, some of whom developed it even… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HEBRAISTS, CHRISTIAN — (1100–1890). Factors governing gentile enterprises in Hebrew scholarship prior to the latest phase of more widespread secular attitudes may be distinguished as (1) motivation; (2) scholarly facilities; and (3) occasion; appreciation and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism